12 skills to learn to become a full-fledged developer

12 skills to learn to become a full-fledged developer

Full stack developers are highly skilled programmers who have the skills to work on both the front and back ends of web applications. Due to their versatility, integrated developers are in high demand, making this a lucrative area to venture into. If you are considering becoming a full-fledged developer, we will guide you through the essential skills you need to learn.

To get started, we’ll look at the skills required to master the front side of programming, and then we’ll look at the skills required for the back side of things.

Front-end development centers around the surface appearance and behavior of websites and apps. We’ll look at the languages ​​used to create and manage these effects.


man working on computer in front of window

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is used to create the structure of web pages, and to tell browsers how to display their elements.

Almost every other language used in web development integrates with HTML in some way, which is why HTML can be considered a cornerstone of all web development.

Fortunately, understanding HTML is relatively easy compared to many basic programming languages.

2. CSS

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a design language used to create or modify the appearance of HTML elements. HTML and CSS should be used in a party – While HTML defines the structure of a website, CSS is used to manage design elements and visual elements such as fonts, colors, etc. Like HTML, CSS is fairly easy to learn.

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3. JavaScript

Javascript is an object-oriented language mostly used to add dynamic behavior to HTML elements. One very common example of this is animated scroll bars.

Apart from this, Javascript is one of the most widely used programming languages ​​used to write both client and server side development.

To excel in Javascript, you will need to have some knowledge of many Javascript frameworks and libraries like ReactJs, JQuery, Vue, etc. Speaking of this topic…

4. ReactJS and JQuery

PHP code on screen

ReactJS is one of the major open source JavaScript frameworks that can be used to build user interfaces. It’s important for fully stacked developers, because, among other advantages, it allows for reuse of components which means you don’t need to write all your code from scratch.

Likewise, you’ll need to get familiar with JQuery, another JavaScript library. While ReactJS and JQuery can be used to achieve the same effects, they do it in different ways and a good full stack developer should know which one to use to achieve the best results in different cases.

5. PHP

PHP is one of the most popular programming languages ​​for backend development. It is an open source, cross-platform language that seamlessly integrates with various operating systems. PHP works closely with MySQL database, is lightweight and does not consume a lot of server resources in rendering pages.

Compared to other programming languages, PHP will take some time and effort to master. But once you do, the benefits are huge – and you can expect the demand for your skills to increase.

6. SQL

SQL is a programming language mainly used to organize and extract data in a relational database system. In plain English, full stack SQL developers use SQL to make backend elements such as server and database communicate with each other, and it is also used to create rules for storing, modifying, and retrieving server data.

7. Python

Python is a programming language with a range of capabilities such as developing applications and websites, automating tasks, and analyzing data. While there are other languages ​​that can be used to do most of the different things that Python is used for, few languages ​​provide the same level of multifunctionality, making Python a useful language for developers with a full stack to master. Additionally, compared to many other back-end languages, Python has a good reputation for being easy to learn.

8- Java

Java is a powerful multi-purpose programming language that can be used to develop mobile, desktop, and web applications. Java also has a large set of frameworks that help simplify back-end development. To illustrate a common misconception, Java is not related to JavaScript.

The skills we’ve covered now are the foundation of all-round development but there’s more for you to learn to become truly skilled.

Related: JavaScript One-Liners You Should Know

9. Git and GitHub

Git is a popular open source version control system used to keep track of changes made in a set of files. It uses an interactive web-based interface that makes it possible for multiple people to edit files simultaneously without hiccups.

Github also serves as a kind of wallet because it can be used as a repository where developers’ project source code can be stored and easily displayed to a potential employer.

Related: What is Github? Introduction to its main features

11. Web Engineering

Web architecture includes planning and designing the topology of websites (it can also refer to the conceptual structure of the World Wide Web itself). Full stack developers need to be proficient in web architecture in order to develop server-side architectures that integrate seamlessly with the client side.

12. HTTP and REST

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), is a protocol used to facilitate communication between a server and a client such as downloading web pages. Due to its vital role in connecting the server side where a lot of backend work is focused, and the client side where a lot of front end work is focused, full stack developers need to be proficient in HTTP.

Similarly, Representative State Transfer (REST) ​​acts as an interface between the client side and the server side. For the same reasons mentioned above, full stack developers need to master REST.

Begin your journey to become a full-fledged developer

While there are many areas of knowledge to master on your way to becoming a full stack developer, mastering these twelve areas will put you on the right track.

One of the best things about taking the step to becoming an all-in-one developer is that you don’t need to go to college to get these skills.

There are an abundance of online resources and learning places that will equip you with the skills you need to master these areas of programming, from courses to YouTube videos and articles.

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