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WASHINGTON—The Biden administration will ask US citizens, businesses and nonprofit groups to sponsor Ukrainian refugees for temporary humanitarian protections in the US, the Department of Homeland Security said Thursday.

The new refugee sponsorship program, which will launch Monday, will become the main path the administration hopes to use to fulfill its promise of taking in 100,000 Ukrainian refugees who have left their country after Russia’s invasion.

Since the war broke out, more than five million Ukrainians have fled into the Eastern European countries, triggering refugee emergency, according to the United Nations refugee agency. European leaders have been calling on the US to take in more refugees, particularly those with friends or family ties in the US, but it has taken the Biden administration time to create a program that would allow Ukrainians to get quick permission to relocate.

Under the program, called Uniting for Ukraine, US citizens and groups will be required to attest to their financial ability to sponsor Ukrainian refugees, and Ukrainians must apply to the program already paired with a private sponsor.

If approved, Ukrainians will be allowed into the country on temporary humanitarian grounds under a program known as Humanitarian Parole for up to two years. Unlike the traditional refugee program, this new process won’t automatically allow refugees to become US permanent residents. That reflects a belief among Biden administration officials that most Ukrainian refugees want to return to their country as soon as possible and aren’t looking for a permanent resettlement.

Once Uniting for Ukraine is up and running, Ukrainians should be able to come to the US about a week after applying, officials with the Department of Homeland Security estimated. In addition to having an approved sponsor, the refugees must have several vaccinations including for Covid-19 and undergo basic security vetting.

The program will function similarly to one created for Afghans evacuated from Kabul last August. Like the Afghans, the Ukrainian refugees will be given work permits. Unlike the Afghans, they won’t be eligible for public benefits unless Congress passes a new law as it did for the Afghan refugees.

The administration hasn’t yet outlined how Ukrainians without close family or friends can be connected with private organizations willing to sponsor them, but the officials said they hope some sort of matching program will soon become available.

Once the program launches, the US will cease processing Ukrainian refugees who have flown to Mexico to seek refuge at legal border crossings. Since February, border officials have granted humanitarian parole to at least 5,000 Ukrainians, mainly along a border bridge near San Diego. Thousands more are believed to be waiting across the border in Tijuana, where the Mexican government has set up a temporary shelter at a sports arena.

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