The competition in the Software Development Industry has risen massively in the current times. Companies cannot afford to have any loopholes in their web applications or software. Customers want peak performance and stability while accessing different applications. Companies cannot expect that the users will stick to their company just because of brand loyalty. Testing plays an important role in achieving these goals for a company. A proper testing process will eliminate the bugs and that are present in the core framework errors of the web application. Proper testing of web applications is a highly essential process as it is the most accessed form of an app. There are various factors that the developers must consider while performing stability testing and automated UI testing of web applications.
With this article, we will try to understand the working mechanism of web applications and the testing processes. We will also try to find the best tools that can help the developers during this process.
Changes in the Web Application Industry
During the early years of software development, there were many monopolies. For instance, the desktop was the only platform to access the internet. On the other hand, Internet Explorer was the only browser that was available to the user. However, with the advancement of technology, all these monopolies were completely shattered and users were flooded with choices. Now, an end-user can access the internet on desktops, smartphones, tablets and any other smart devices. Similarly, the browser industry has multiple choices with thousands of new browsers released every day. In the desktop industry, Google Chrome becomes the dominating factor followed by Mozilla Firefox and Safari. In the mobile industry, Google Chrome still maintains its domination followed by the Samsung browser and Safari Browser.
All these factors justify that tester cannot generalize the web Development Industry. They need to ensure that the web application retains its smooth functioning on every browser and operating system.
Browser Compatibility Testing
All modern browsers use openGL standards to render all the elements of a web application. However, every browser has a different way to interpret these standards for application representation. This means that the proper functioning of an application on a browser cannot act as a benchmark on other browsers as well. Moreover, the developers should also remember that the rendering process will also differ depending on the version of a browser. Therefore, the only solution to this problem is to manually verify the functioning of the web application on every browser and browser version. However, from a tester’s point of view, it is manually impossible for individuals to perform all of the testing processes. Browser compatibility testing aims to solve this problem for the developers and the company.
Using this testing process, the developers can verify the functioning of the web application on multiple browsers, devices and operating systems. It is also a good idea to implement automation testing in this process. This will allow the developers to create automated test cases on multiple Browsers and operating system combinations. During this process, the developers should consider older browser versions as one of the major factors. This is because a recent survey shows that 80% of the internet user base seldom update the browser. They should also pay proper attention to the performance of the web application on Legacy browsers like Internet Explorer. All these factors will ensure that they can reach out to the entire user base.
The Benefits of Browser Compatibility Testing
Browser compatibility testing is one of the essential processes to ensure the proper performance of a web application. It has massive benefits that have convinced the entire web development industry to integrate it into the test environment. Let us analyze some of the major benefits of automated browser compatibility testing:
- Helps to Become Resource Efficient: Manual testing consumes a lot of resources and manpower. Market analysis shows that it takes more than 5 days to complete all test cases by manual testing alone. On the other hand, automated browser compatibility testing completes this process in less than 2 days. Therefore, automated cross-browser testing helps to save a lot of time and resources for the company.
- Improves the Accuracy of the Test Cases: It is a common assumption that you cannot maintain the exact for longer periods. This is because repetitive testing processes put a massive strain on the human mind. On the other hand, a machine can continue to perform these test cases without any hesitation all year round.
- Increases the Test Coverage: Automated Cross-browser testing provides unlimited possibilities for designing test cases. This means that developers can test the functioning of the web application on any device, operating system or browser version. They can even test the functioning on certain browsers that are no longer available in the market. So, it is justifiable that automated cross-browser testing massively helps to increase the test coverage for a company.
Role of Tools in Browser Compatibility Testing
Automated cross-browser testing involves multiple processes that the developers must conduct during the application development life cycle. New testers might find it difficult to keep track of all these processes. The easiest way to solve this problem is to use various tools and platforms in the developing environment. Currently, there are thousands of different cross-browser testing tools that are available in the market. Every tool is unique and will help in a different process during the web application development process. Therefore, the developers should perform proper research to find the perfect tool that will suit their needs. During this process, they should consider their preferences, project requirements, company budget and other allowances. It is also a good idea to have a proper understanding of the market demands.
You should also create a proper testing plan before proceeding with the test cases. In this process, you should include all the browsers that will be your primary target. For the beginning process, you can choose the top browser in the market. You can also analyze your audience base to find out their preferred browser options. This list will help to shortlist the tool for testing purposes. It is also a good idea to perform a loyalty check with a cross-browser testing tool. This process will ensure that the tool will not have any negative impact on the functioning of a test bench. To perform this process, you can visit various online forums and check for user reviews. Usually, you can find the true records of all the testers who are currently engaged with this tool.
Top Tools to Perform Compatibility Testing for enterprises
Thousands of different tools and platforms can assist you during Cross-browser compatibility testing processes. However, it is a common idea that multiple choices can lead to various conclusions. So, we tried to simplify this process by shortlisting the best tools and platforms according to the market opinion:
Lambdatest is a platform that can help you to verify the cross-browser compatibility of a web application. This platform will use an online Selenium Grid to conduct all the test cases. Lamdatest can verify the functioning of both mobile and desktop web applications. Furthermore, developers can use this platform to verify the optimal performance of all local web pages. Currently, LambdaTest supports browser compatibility test cases on more than 3000 different browsers and browser versions. The developers can also use this platform to initiate automated test cases on different combinations of browsers and operating systems. Lamdatest is one of the few platforms that generate highly accurate test results. It achieves this goal by compiling the test results from different virtual machines, emulators and even real devices.
HeadSpin uses Cloud Service to allow the developers to remotely initiate cross-browser test cases on their web application. Using this tool, the developers can easily verify the proper functioning of the mobile or desktop web application. They can also use this tool to perform vital performance test cases on the app. For instance, it can help the developers to analyze the load-bearing capacity of the web application in a real environment scenario. The test results are highly dependable as the company claims them to be 100% accurate. The developers can also integrate this tool with other cross-browser testing frameworks like Selenium. The developers also have a flexible distributed system to securely scale the automated test cases.
CrossBrowserTesting is one of the most veteran tools to verify the cross-browser compatibility of a web application. Since it has been in the market for several years, it has managed to develop a wide audience base. So, the developers will have no issue with the trustworthiness of this tool. The primary goal of this tool is to provide a perfect web browsing experience to the end-users irrespective of the device. Since virtual machine and emulator fail to generate dependable test results, it uses real device testing labs to perform all the test cases. It is one of the most dependable tools for quickly running manual, visual and Selenium-based tests on a web application.
Similar to most other cross-browser testing tools, Eggplant also helps the developers to verify the functioning of the web application on different browsers, devices and operating systems. It helps the developers to initiate end-to-end test cases on the web application using the tech stack. It uses real user journeys to create intelligent test cases and prioritize them depending on the test element. The developers can also use this tool to improve the efficiency of the new releases. This means Eggplant can help to monitor, measure and predict the impact of every release on the audience base. The company can further use this data to optimize the future releases of the web application
- The Final Verdict
So, we can conclude that cross-browser testing plays a vital role in ensuring the proper efficiency of a web application. Companies should conduct proper training sessions to increase the awareness of the testing team. This is because only an experienced set of testers can utilise the full potential of an automated cross-browser test case. The developers should also develop a curiosity to learn more about this wonderful technology. This awareness will help to improve their career in the coming years. Experts also believe that companies would integrate advanced technologies to improve the efficiency of automated cross-browser testing. This means in the coming years companies will continue to use Artificial Intelligence and multiple cloud-based services with this testing mechanism. So, developers must have a proper idea about all these processes to maintain their market domination.