Column: US distillate stocks fall critically low: Kemp

Storage tanks are seen at Marathon Petroleum’s Los Angeles Refinery, which processes domestic & imported crude oil into California Air Resources Board (CARB), gasoline, diesel fuel, and other petroleum products, in Carson, California, US, March 11, 2022. REUTERS /Bing Guan

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LONDON, May 5 (Reuters) – US distillate fuel oil inventories have fallen to a 14-year low as refiners prove unable to satisfy strong demand from freight hauliers and manufacturers, sending diesel prices surging and pulling crude prices higher in their wake.

Stocks have fallen in 60 of the last 96 weeks by a total of 69 million barrels since the start of July 2020, according to high-frequency data from the US Energy Information Administration.

The depletion has more than reversed a 49 million barrel build-up during the first wave of the COVID epidemic and lockdowns in the second quarter of 2020.

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By last week, stocks had fallen to just 104 million barrels, the lowest since 2008 and before that 2005 (“Weekly petroleum status report”, EIA, May 4).

Distillate stocks are now 31 million barrels, or 23% below the pre-pandemic five-year seasonal average for 2015-2019 (

Inventories are on course to fall even further to a projected low of just 102 million barrels before the middle of the year, with a possible range of 97 million to 105 million barrels, based on seasonal trends over the last decade.

The projected inventory outlook has tightened since the start of April, when stocks were on course to fall to a low of 107 million barrels with a range of 96 million to 114 million.

The resulting shortages of distillate are driving prices for both distillate itself and crudely sharply higher and are bleeding across into shortages and higher prices for gasoline and jet fuel.

Distillate is mostly used in road and rail freight, manufacturing, construction, farming, mining, and oil and gas extraction, so consumption is very sensitive to the business cycle.

In this instance, shortages are a symptom of the strong rebound in economic activity following the pandemic and its bias towards fuel-hungry merchandise rather than services.

Similar shortages have been observed in the late stages of previous business cycles, with stocks rebuilding once the economy enters a mid-cycle slowdown or an end-of-cycle recession.

The long-term time series shows distillate stocks do not replenish themselves spontaneously; They only recover when the economy goes into a “soft patch” or a full-blown recession.

At present, refiners in the United States and the rest of the world do not have enough capacity to satisfy the high level of demand.

The shortage is likely to be intensified later in 2022 and 2023 as a result of US and European Union sanctions on Russia’s petroleum exports because Russia is a major supplier of distillate fuel oil.

Given that global crude production and refining systems are already stretched to the limit, the only way to stabilize inventories and prices is for consumption to grow more slowly or fall, which will require a business cycle slowdown.

Related columns:

– Global diesel shortage pushes oil prices higher (Reuters, March 24) read more

– Global diesel shortage raises risk of oil price spike (Reuters, March 11) read more

– US diesel stocks set to fall critically low (Reuters, Feb. 17) read more

– Diesel is the US economy’s inflation canary (Reuters, Feb. 9) read more

John Kemp is a Reuters market analyst. The views expressed are his own

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Editing by Paul Simao

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Opinions expressed are those of the author. They do not reflect the views of Reuters News, which, under the Trust Principles, is committed to integrity, independence, and freedom from bias.


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